Complete answer: When electricity is passed through brine it decomposes to form sodium hydroxide along with the evolution of chlorine gas at anode and hydrogen gas at cathode. Sodium hydroxide solution is also formed near the cathode. … The commercially available “sodium hydroxide” is often this monohydrate.
What happens when electricity is passed through brine write the chemical equation?
The chemical equation for the above decomposition is: 2NaCl(aq)+2H2O(l)→2NaOH(aq)+Cl2(g)+H2(g)
What happens when electricity is passed through common salt solution?
When electricity is passed through a common salt solution, sodium hydroxide is produced along with the liberation of two gases ‘X’ and ‘Y’. ‘X’ burns with a pop sound whereas, ‘Y’ is used for disinfecting drinking water.
What happens when electricity is passed through water class 10?
When electric current is passed through water , it decomposes to give hydrogen gas and oxygen gas. Water splits up into H+ ions and OH- ions .
What happens when an electric current is passed through a saturated solution of sodium chloride give the chemical equation?
Explanation : When electricity is passed through an aqueous solution of sodium chloride, it gives hydrogen, chlorine and sodium hydroxide as a product. The balanced chemical equation is, This process is called as Electrolysis of Brine.
What is the formula of brine?
|Synonyms||Brine NaCl water HCl NaOH sodium chloride water water sodium chloride More…|
|Component Compounds||CID 313 (Hydrochloric acid) CID 962 (Water) CID 5360545 (Sodium)|
What is brine solution?
Brine, salt water, particularly a highly concentrated water solution of common salt (sodium chloride). Natural brines occur underground, in salt lakes, or as seawater and are commercially important sources of common salt and other salts, such as chlorides and sulfates of magnesium and potassium.
When electricity is passed through a solution of alcl3 13.5 g of Al is discharged the amount of charge passed is?
charge passed=1. 5F.
What is produced when electricity is passed through brine?
Complete answer: When electricity is passed through brine it decomposes to form sodium hydroxide along with the evolution of chlorine gas at anode and hydrogen gas at cathode. Sodium hydroxide solution is also formed near the cathode.
When electric current is passed through common salt solution the hydrogen gas is liberated at?
When an electric current is passed through concentrated sodium chloride solution, hydrogen gas forms at the negative electrode , chlorine gas forms at the positive electrode, and a solution of sodium hydroxide also forms. You might have expected sodium metal to be deposited at the negative electrode.
Does electricity run through water?
Electricity flows through water because it contains ions of dissolved salts and metals. Distilled water, which does not contain impurities, does not conduct electricity.
What happens when electricity passed through water?
When electricity is passed through ordinary water, it decomposes to give hydrogen and oxygen gas. When the two terminals of a battery are combined with negative and positive electrodes that are immersed in water then the water is dissociated into its oxygen and hydrogen components.
What happens if you put electricity in water?
You can become electricity’s path to the ground if you are touching water that touches electricity. You can become electricity’s path to the ground if you are touching water that touches electricity. … Electricity would travel through the water and through you to the ground.
When current is passed through a solution of NaCl?
When current is passed through molten NaCl i.e. sodium chloride, it decomposes into sodium and chlorine gas. Both sodium and chlorine gas move towards the electrode opposite to their own charge and either loses an electron or gains one.
Why is chlorine gas a product of NaCl electrolysis?
A. The Cl- ions become oxidized at the cathode allowing them to form Cl2 molecules. The Na+ ions react to the anode, releasing the Cl- ions with enough energy to change into a gas. …
Can you extract sodium from salt?
The common salt, sodium chloride, NaCl, can be broken down into its components, sodium and chlorine, by electrolysis. … This is an important technique for the processing of sodium; from its salts, it is also used to manufacture other alkali metals and alkaline earth metals.